CPS Safety Culture Assessment
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The Center focuses heavily on culture to support patient safety improvement. A punitive environment discourages open communication of events and near misses, creating a barrier to learning about the mistakes that are occurring.
The Center has been administering the AHRQ Surveys on Patient Safety (SOPS) since 2011. Since then, we have administered hundreds of thousands of surveys and provided survey support, feedback reports, and consultation to hundreds of organizations.
A select group of 42 hospitals were selected from the 2016 database. These organizations were selected based on their activity level and extended use of the Center’s resources and services for PSO participation, webinar attendance, resource usage, and consulting. An analysis of their patient safety culture scores are compared to the national compare database from AHRQ. More than 14,000 surveys were analyzed.
- 7 dimensions were equal to or higher than the 50th AHRQ Percentile
- “Nonpunitive Response to Error” ranked in the 75th AHRQ Percentile
- 23 questions were equal to or higher than the 50th AHRQ Percentile
- “We are actively doing things to improve patient safety” ranked in the 90th AHRQ Percentile
The top strengths for these organizations align with the top strengths from the 2016 AHRQ Hospital Compare Database:
However, the areas with potential for improvement, or the lowest scoring dimensions, indicate variation in two of the composite scores:
The Center has had a long history with a focus on creating a nonpunitive environment. The dimension includes the question “Staff worry that mistakes they make are kept in their personnel file.” The higher score for the composite “Nonpunitive Response to Error” is statistically significant (>5%). Compared to the national average, the organizations in our select group are in the 75th percentile nationally. While most of the respondent emographics for the hospitals included in the Center’s summary align with the AHRQ Compare Database, it is worth noting:
- 15% of staff indicated they report 11-20 event reports per year; 29% indicated they report 3-5 events per year (statistically significant variation from AHRQ National Compare Database)
- Higher numbers of reports suggest an environment that supports open communication without a fear of retribution or punishment.
- 85% of respondents had direct patient care
- 41% of staff worked 1-5 years in the current work area
- 36% of staff worked 1-5 years in the current hospital; 13% worked 21 years or more in the current hospital
- 44% of staff indicated they were a Registered Nurse
Click here to download the full data report.
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